What about accessibility?

Web accessibility is great idea, especially, when your site targets a wide audience. In this article we’ll consider only small part from the series “increase accessibility sites” based on WordPress.

Increase web accessibility WordPress sites

Problem: Increase web accessibility WordPress sites.

Solution: So, we'll tell about optimize images and tables. For images should be add new attribute role, e.g. role="presentation" and if you use function wp_get_attachment_image() that it can be done:

<?php
// Add Custom Attribute To Image In The Function wp_get_attachment_image() (for accessibility)
add_filter( 'wp_get_attachment_image_attributes', 'add_custom_attribute_to_image' );
	
function add_custom_attribute_to_image( $attr ) {
	$attr['role'] = 'presentation';
	return $attr;
}

As you can see it's simple. For tables our solution will less elegant:

<?php
// Add Custom Attribute To Table  (for accessibility)
add_filter( 'the_content', 'custom_content_filter' );

function custom_content_filter( $content ) {
    $current_post_type = get_post_type();	
	if ( ( $current_post_type === ( 'post' ) ) || ( basename( get_page_template() ) === 'page.php' ) ) {					
        $content = str_replace( '</th><th>', '</th><th scope="col">', $content );
		$content = preg_replace( '/<tr><td>(.*?)<\/td>/', '<tr><th scope="row">$1</th>', $content );
	}
	return $content;
}

How you can see, in this example we added additional attributes only for post type post and for default page template. And small bonus:

<?php
add_filter( 'the_content', 'custom_content_filter' );

function custom_content_filter( $content ) {		
    $current_post_type = get_post_type();
	if ( ( $current_post_type === ( 'post' ) ) || ( basename( get_page_template() ) === 'page.php' ) ) {
        // For adaptive on mobiles used Bootstrap classes
		$content = str_replace( '<table', '<div class="table-wrap"><table', $content );
		$content = str_replace( '</table>', '</table></div>', $content );
		$content = str_replace( '<table class="', '<table class="table', $content );
        // Remove spaces in class names (w3c validator)
		$content = preg_replace( '/class=["\']\s*(?P<class>[^"\'<>]+?)\s*["\']/i', 'class="$1"', $content );
        // For accesability					
        $content = str_replace( '</th><th>', '</th><th scope="col">', $content );
		$content = preg_replace( '/<tr><td>(.*?)<\/td>/', '<tr><th scope="row">$1</th>', $content );
	}
	return $content;
}

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